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linux-proc-maps.c

/* Standard libdwfl callbacks for debugging a live Linux process.
   Copyright (C) 2005 Red Hat, Inc.
   This file is part of Red Hat elfutils.

   Red Hat elfutils is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
   Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

   Red Hat elfutils is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
   with Red Hat elfutils; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
   Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA 02110-1301 USA.

   In addition, as a special exception, Red Hat, Inc. gives You the
   additional right to link the code of Red Hat elfutils with code licensed
   under any Open Source Initiative certified open source license
   (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/index.php) which requires the
   distribution of source code with any binary distribution and to
   distribute linked combinations of the two.  Non-GPL Code permitted under
   this exception must only link to the code of Red Hat elfutils through
   those well defined interfaces identified in the file named EXCEPTION
   found in the source code files (the "Approved Interfaces").  The files
   of Non-GPL Code may instantiate templates or use macros or inline
   functions from the Approved Interfaces without causing the resulting
   work to be covered by the GNU General Public License.  Only Red Hat,
   Inc. may make changes or additions to the list of Approved Interfaces.
   Red Hat's grant of this exception is conditioned upon your not adding
   any new exceptions.  If you wish to add a new Approved Interface or
   exception, please contact Red Hat.  You must obey the GNU General Public
   License in all respects for all of the Red Hat elfutils code and other
   code used in conjunction with Red Hat elfutils except the Non-GPL Code
   covered by this exception.  If you modify this file, you may extend this
   exception to your version of the file, but you are not obligated to do
   so.  If you do not wish to provide this exception without modification,
   you must delete this exception statement from your version and license
   this file solely under the GPL without exception.

   Red Hat elfutils is an included package of the Open Invention Network.
   An included package of the Open Invention Network is a package for which
   Open Invention Network licensees cross-license their patents.  No patent
   license is granted, either expressly or impliedly, by designation as an
   included package.  Should you wish to participate in the Open Invention
   Network licensing program, please visit www.openinventionnetwork.com
   <http://www.openinventionnetwork.com>.  */

#include "libdwflP.h"
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdio_ext.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <endian.h>


#define PROCMAPSFMT     "/proc/%d/maps"
#define PROCMEMFMT      "/proc/%d/mem"
#define PROCAUXVFMT     "/proc/%d/auxv"


/* Search /proc/PID/auxv for the AT_SYSINFO_EHDR tag.  */

static int
find_sysinfo_ehdr (pid_t pid, GElf_Addr *sysinfo_ehdr)
{
  char *fname = NULL;
  asprintf (&fname, PROCAUXVFMT, pid);
  if (fname == NULL)
    return ENOMEM;

  int fd = open64 (fname, O_RDONLY);
  free (fname);
  if (fd < 0)
    return errno == ENOENT ? 0 : errno;

  ssize_t nread;
  do
    {
      union
      {
      char buffer[sizeof (long int) * 2 * 64];
      Elf64_auxv_t a64[sizeof (long int) * 2 * 64 / sizeof (Elf64_auxv_t)];
      Elf32_auxv_t a32[sizeof (long int) * 2 * 32 / sizeof (Elf32_auxv_t)];
      } d;
      nread = read (fd, &d, sizeof d);
      if (nread > 0)
      {
        switch (sizeof (long int))
          {
          case 4:
            for (size_t i = 0; (char *) &d.a32[i] < &d.buffer[nread]; ++i)
            if (d.a32[i].a_type == AT_SYSINFO_EHDR)
              {
                *sysinfo_ehdr = d.a32[i].a_un.a_val;
                nread = 0;
                break;
              }
            break;
          case 8:
            for (size_t i = 0; (char *) &d.a64[i] < &d.buffer[nread]; ++i)
            if (d.a64[i].a_type == AT_SYSINFO_EHDR)
              {
                *sysinfo_ehdr = d.a64[i].a_un.a_val;
                nread = 0;
                break;
              }
            break;
          default:
            abort ();
            break;
          }
      }
    }
  while (nread > 0);

  close (fd);

  return nread < 0 ? errno : 0;
}

static int
proc_maps_report (Dwfl *dwfl, FILE *f, GElf_Addr sysinfo_ehdr, pid_t pid)
{
  unsigned int last_dmajor = -1, last_dminor = -1;
  uint64_t last_ino = -1;
  char *last_file = NULL;
  Dwarf_Addr low = 0, high = 0;

  inline bool report (void)
    {
      if (last_file != NULL)
      {
        if (INTUSE(dwfl_report_module) (dwfl, last_file, low, high) == NULL)
          {
            free (last_file);
            return true;
          }
        last_file = NULL;
      }
      return false;
    }

  char *line = NULL;
  size_t linesz;
  ssize_t len;
  while ((len = getline (&line, &linesz, f)) > 0)
    {
      if (line[len - 1] == '\n')
      line[len - 1] = '\0';

      Dwarf_Addr start, end, offset;
      unsigned int dmajor, dminor;
      uint64_t ino;
      int nread = -1;
      if (sscanf (line, "%" PRIx64 "-%" PRIx64 " %*s %" PRIx64
              " %x:%x %" PRIi64 " %n",
              &start, &end, &offset, &dmajor, &dminor, &ino, &nread) < 6
        || nread <= 0)
      {
        free (line);
        return ENOEXEC;
      }

      /* If this is the special mapping AT_SYSINFO_EHDR pointed us at,
       report the last one and then this special one.  */
      if (start == sysinfo_ehdr && start != 0)
      {
        if (report ())
          {
          bad_report:
            free (line);
            fclose (f);
            return -1;
          }

        low = start;
        high = end;
        if (asprintf (&last_file, "[vdso: %d]", (int) pid) < 0
            || report ())
          goto bad_report;
      }

      char *file = line + nread + strspn (line + nread, " \t");
      if (file[0] == '\0' || (ino == 0 && dmajor == 0 && dminor == 0))
      /* This line doesn't indicate a file mapping.  */
      continue;

      if (last_file != NULL
        && ino == last_ino && dmajor == last_dmajor && dminor == last_dminor)
      {
        /* This is another portion of the same file's mapping.  */
        assert (!strcmp (last_file, file));
        high = end;
      }
      else
      {
        /* This is a different file mapping.  Report the last one.  */
        if (report ())
          goto bad_report;
        low = start;
        high = end;
        last_file = strdup (file);
        last_ino = ino;
        last_dmajor = dmajor;
        last_dminor = dminor;
      }
    }
  free (line);

  int result = ferror_unlocked (f) ? errno : feof_unlocked (f) ? 0 : ENOEXEC;

  /* Report the final one.  */
  bool lose = report ();

  return result != 0 ? result : lose ? -1 : 0;
}

int
dwfl_linux_proc_maps_report (Dwfl *dwfl, FILE *f)
{
  return proc_maps_report (dwfl, f, 0, 0);
}
INTDEF (dwfl_linux_proc_maps_report)

int
dwfl_linux_proc_report (Dwfl *dwfl, pid_t pid)
{
  if (dwfl == NULL)
    return -1;

  /* We'll notice the AT_SYSINFO_EHDR address specially when we hit it.  */
  GElf_Addr sysinfo_ehdr = 0;
  int result = find_sysinfo_ehdr (pid, &sysinfo_ehdr);
  if (result != 0)
    return result;

  char *fname = NULL;
  asprintf (&fname, PROCMAPSFMT, pid);
  if (fname == NULL)
    return ENOMEM;

  FILE *f = fopen (fname, "r");
  free (fname);
  if (f == NULL)
    return errno;

  (void) __fsetlocking (f, FSETLOCKING_BYCALLER);

  result = proc_maps_report (dwfl, f, sysinfo_ehdr, pid);

  fclose (f);

  return result;
}
INTDEF (dwfl_linux_proc_report)

static ssize_t
read_proc_memory (void *arg, void *data, GElf_Addr address,
              size_t minread, size_t maxread)
{
  const int fd = *(const int *) arg;
  ssize_t nread = pread64 (fd, data, maxread, (off64_t) address);
  if (nread > 0 && (size_t) nread < minread)
    nread = 0;
  return nread;
}

extern Elf *elf_from_remote_memory (GElf_Addr ehdr_vma,
                            GElf_Addr *loadbasep,
                            ssize_t (*read_memory) (void *arg,
                                              void *data,
                                              GElf_Addr address,
                                              size_t minread,
                                              size_t maxread),
                            void *arg);


/* Dwfl_Callbacks.find_elf */

int
dwfl_linux_proc_find_elf (Dwfl_Module *mod __attribute__ ((unused)),
                    void **userdata __attribute__ ((unused)),
                    const char *module_name, Dwarf_Addr base,
                    char **file_name, Elf **elfp)
{
  if (module_name[0] == '/')
    {
      int fd = open64 (module_name, O_RDONLY);
      if (fd >= 0)
      {
        *file_name = strdup (module_name);
        if (*file_name == NULL)
          {
            close (fd);
            return ENOMEM;
          }
      }
      return fd;
    }

  int pid;
  if (sscanf (module_name, "[vdso: %d]", &pid) == 1)
    {
      /* Special case for in-memory ELF image.  */

      char *fname = NULL;
      asprintf (&fname, PROCMEMFMT, pid);
      if (fname == NULL)
      return -1;

      int fd = open64 (fname, O_RDONLY);
      free (fname);
      if (fd < 0)
      return -1;

      *elfp = elf_from_remote_memory (base, NULL, &read_proc_memory, &fd);

      close (fd);

      *file_name = NULL;
      return -1;
    }

  abort ();
  return -1;
}
INTDEF (dwfl_linux_proc_find_elf)

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