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linux-kernel-modules.c

/* Standard libdwfl callbacks for debugging the running Linux kernel.
   Copyright (C) 2005, 2006 Red Hat, Inc.
   This file is part of Red Hat elfutils.

   Red Hat elfutils is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
   Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

   Red Hat elfutils is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
   with Red Hat elfutils; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
   Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA 02110-1301 USA.

   In addition, as a special exception, Red Hat, Inc. gives You the
   additional right to link the code of Red Hat elfutils with code licensed
   under any Open Source Initiative certified open source license
   (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/index.php) which requires the
   distribution of source code with any binary distribution and to
   distribute linked combinations of the two.  Non-GPL Code permitted under
   this exception must only link to the code of Red Hat elfutils through
   those well defined interfaces identified in the file named EXCEPTION
   found in the source code files (the "Approved Interfaces").  The files
   of Non-GPL Code may instantiate templates or use macros or inline
   functions from the Approved Interfaces without causing the resulting
   work to be covered by the GNU General Public License.  Only Red Hat,
   Inc. may make changes or additions to the list of Approved Interfaces.
   Red Hat's grant of this exception is conditioned upon your not adding
   any new exceptions.  If you wish to add a new Approved Interface or
   exception, please contact Red Hat.  You must obey the GNU General Public
   License in all respects for all of the Red Hat elfutils code and other
   code used in conjunction with Red Hat elfutils except the Non-GPL Code
   covered by this exception.  If you modify this file, you may extend this
   exception to your version of the file, but you are not obligated to do
   so.  If you do not wish to provide this exception without modification,
   you must delete this exception statement from your version and license
   this file solely under the GPL without exception.

   Red Hat elfutils is an included package of the Open Invention Network.
   An included package of the Open Invention Network is a package for which
   Open Invention Network licensees cross-license their patents.  No patent
   license is granted, either expressly or impliedly, by designation as an
   included package.  Should you wish to participate in the Open Invention
   Network licensing program, please visit www.openinventionnetwork.com
   <http://www.openinventionnetwork.com>.  */

#include <config.h>
#undef      _FILE_OFFSET_BITS /* Doesn't jibe with fts.  */

#include "libdwflP.h"
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdio_ext.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/utsname.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fts.h>


#define MODULEDIRFMT    "/lib/modules/%s"

#define MODULELIST      "/proc/modules"
#define     SECADDRDIRFMT     "/sys/module/%s/sections/"
#define MODULE_SECT_NAME_LEN 32     /* Minimum any linux/module.h has had.  */


/* Try to open the given file as it is or under the debuginfo directory.  */
static int
try_kernel_name (Dwfl *dwfl, char **fname)
{
  if (*fname == NULL)
    return -1;

  /* Don't bother trying *FNAME itself here if the path will cause it to be
     tried because we give its own basename as DEBUGLINK_FILE.  */
  int fd = ((((dwfl->callbacks->debuginfo_path
             ? *dwfl->callbacks->debuginfo_path : NULL)
            ?: DEFAULT_DEBUGINFO_PATH)[0] == ':') ? -1
          : TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY (open64 (*fname, O_RDONLY)));
  if (fd < 0)
    {
      char *debugfname = NULL;
      Dwfl_Module fakemod = { .dwfl = dwfl };
      /* First try the file's unadorned basename as DEBUGLINK_FILE,
       to look for "vmlinux" files.  */
      fd = INTUSE(dwfl_standard_find_debuginfo) (&fakemod, NULL, NULL, 0,
                                     *fname, basename (*fname), 0,
                                     &debugfname);
      if (fd < 0)
      /* Next, let the call use the default of basename + ".debug",
         to look for "vmlinux.debug" files.  */
      fd = INTUSE(dwfl_standard_find_debuginfo) (&fakemod, NULL, NULL, 0,
                                       *fname, NULL, 0,
                                       &debugfname);
      free (*fname);
      *fname = debugfname;
    }

  return fd;
}

static inline const char *
kernel_release (void)
{
  /* Cache the `uname -r` string we'll use.  */
  static struct utsname utsname;
  if (utsname.release[0] == '\0' && uname (&utsname) != 0)
    return NULL;
  return utsname.release;
}

static int
report_kernel (Dwfl *dwfl, const char *release,
             int (*predicate) (const char *module, const char *file))
{
  if (dwfl == NULL)
    return -1;

  char *fname = NULL;
  if (release[0] == '/')
    asprintf (&fname, "%s/vmlinux", release);
  else
    asprintf (&fname, "/boot/vmlinux-%s", release);
  int fd = try_kernel_name (dwfl, &fname);
  if (fd < 0 && release[0] != '/')
    {
      free (fname);
      fname = NULL;
      asprintf (&fname, MODULEDIRFMT "/vmlinux", release);
      fd = try_kernel_name (dwfl, &fname);
    }

  int result = 0;
  if (fd < 0)
    result = ((predicate != NULL && !(*predicate) ("kernel", NULL))
            ? 0 : errno ?: ENOENT);
  else
    {
      bool report = true;

      if (predicate != NULL)
      {
        /* Let the predicate decide whether to use this one.  */
        int want = (*predicate) ("kernel", fname);
        if (want < 0)
          result = errno;
        report = want > 0;
      }

      if (report
        && INTUSE(dwfl_report_elf) (dwfl, "kernel", fname, fd, 0) == NULL)
      {
        close (fd);
        result = -1;
      }
    }

  free (fname);

  return result;
}

/* Report a kernel and all its modules found on disk, for offline use.
   If RELEASE starts with '/', it names a directory to look in;
   if not, it names a directory to find under /lib/modules/;
   if null, /lib/modules/`uname -r` is used.
   Returns zero on success, -1 if dwfl_report_module failed,
   or an errno code if finding the files on disk failed.  */
int
dwfl_linux_kernel_report_offline (Dwfl *dwfl, const char *release,
                          int (*predicate) (const char *module,
                                        const char *file))
{
  if (release == NULL)
    {
      release = kernel_release ();
      if (release == NULL)
      return errno;
    }

  /* First report the kernel.  */
  int result = report_kernel (dwfl, release, predicate);
  if (result == 0)
    {
      /* Do "find /lib/modules/RELEASE/kernel -name *.ko".  */

      char *modulesdir[] = { NULL, NULL };
      if (release[0] == '/')
      modulesdir[0] = (char *) release;
      else
      {
        asprintf (&modulesdir[0], MODULEDIRFMT "/kernel", release);
        if (modulesdir[0] == NULL)
          return errno;
      }

      FTS *fts = fts_open (modulesdir, FTS_LOGICAL | FTS_NOSTAT, NULL);
      if (modulesdir[0] == (char *) release)
      modulesdir[0] = NULL;
      if (fts == NULL)
      {
        free (modulesdir[0]);
        return errno;
      }

      FTSENT *f;
      while ((f = fts_read (fts)) != NULL)
      {
        switch (f->fts_info)
          {
          case FTS_F:
          case FTS_NSOK:
            /* See if this file name matches "*.ko".  */
            if (f->fts_namelen > 3
              && !memcmp (f->fts_name + f->fts_namelen - 3, ".ko", 4))
            {
              /* We have a .ko file to report.  Following the algorithm
                 by which the kernel makefiles set KBUILD_MODNAME, we
                 replace all ',' or '-' with '_' in the file name and
                 call that the module name.  Modules could well be
                 built using different embedded names than their file
                 names.  To handle that, we would have to look at the
                 __this_module.name contents in the module's text.  */

              char name[f->fts_namelen - 3 + 1];
              for (size_t i = 0; i < f->fts_namelen - 3U; ++i)
                if (f->fts_name[i] == '-' || f->fts_name[i] == ',')
                  name[i] = '_';
                else
                  name[i] = f->fts_name[i];
              name[f->fts_namelen - 3] = '\0';

              if (predicate != NULL)
                {
                  /* Let the predicate decide whether to use this one.  */
                  int want = (*predicate) (name, f->fts_path);
                  if (want < 0)
                  {
                    result = -1;
                    break;
                  }
                  if (!want)
                  continue;
                }

              if (dwfl_report_offline (dwfl, name,
                                 f->fts_path, -1) == NULL)
                {
                  result = -1;
                  break;
                }
            }
            continue;

          case FTS_ERR:
          case FTS_DNR:
          case FTS_NS:
            result = f->fts_errno;
            break;

          default:
            continue;
          }

        /* We only get here in error cases.  */
        break;
      }
      fts_close (fts);
      free (modulesdir[0]);
    }

  return result;
}
INTDEF (dwfl_linux_kernel_report_offline)


/* Find the ELF file for the running kernel and dwfl_report_elf it.  */
int
dwfl_linux_kernel_report_kernel (Dwfl *dwfl)
{
  const char *release = kernel_release ();
  if (release == NULL)
    return errno;

  return report_kernel (dwfl, release, NULL);
}
INTDEF (dwfl_linux_kernel_report_kernel)


/* Dwfl_Callbacks.find_elf for the running Linux kernel and its modules.  */

int
dwfl_linux_kernel_find_elf (Dwfl_Module *mod __attribute__ ((unused)),
                      void **userdata __attribute__ ((unused)),
                      const char *module_name,
                      Dwarf_Addr base __attribute__ ((unused)),
                      char **file_name,
                      Elf **elfp __attribute__ ((unused)))
{
  const char *release = kernel_release ();
  if (release == NULL)
    return errno;

  /* Do "find /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel -name MODULE_NAME.ko".  */

  char *modulesdir[] = { NULL, NULL };
  asprintf (&modulesdir[0], MODULEDIRFMT "/kernel", release);
  if (modulesdir[0] == NULL)
    return -1;

  FTS *fts = fts_open (modulesdir, FTS_LOGICAL | FTS_NOSTAT, NULL);
  if (fts == NULL)
    {
      free (modulesdir[0]);
      return -1;
    }

  size_t namelen = strlen (module_name);

  /* This is a kludge.  There is no actual necessary relationship between
     the name of the .ko file installed and the module name the kernel
     knows it by when it's loaded.  The kernel's only idea of the module
     name comes from the name embedded in the object's magic
     .gnu.linkonce.this_module section.

     In practice, these module names match the .ko file names except for
     some using '_' and some using '-'.  So our cheap kludge is to look for
     two files when either a '_' or '-' appears in a module name, one using
     only '_' and one only using '-'.  */

  char alternate_name[namelen + 1];
  inline bool subst_name (char from, char to)
    {
      const char *n = memchr (module_name, from, namelen);
      if (n == NULL)
      return false;
      char *a = mempcpy (alternate_name, module_name, n - module_name);
      *a++ = to;
      ++n;
      const char *p;
      while ((p = memchr (n, from, namelen - (n - module_name))) != NULL)
      {
        a = mempcpy (a, n, p - n);
        *a++ = to;
        n = p + 1;
      }
      memcpy (a, n, namelen - (n - module_name) + 1);
      return true;
    }
  if (!subst_name ('-', '_') && !subst_name ('_', '-'))
    alternate_name[0] = '\0';

  FTSENT *f;
  int error = ENOENT;
  while ((f = fts_read (fts)) != NULL)
    {
      error = ENOENT;
      switch (f->fts_info)
      {
      case FTS_F:
      case FTS_NSOK:
        /* See if this file name is "MODULE_NAME.ko".  */
        if (f->fts_namelen == namelen + 3
            && !memcmp (f->fts_name + namelen, ".ko", 4)
            && (!memcmp (f->fts_name, module_name, namelen)
              || !memcmp (f->fts_name, alternate_name, namelen)))
          {
            int fd = open64 (f->fts_accpath, O_RDONLY);
            *file_name = strdup (f->fts_path);
            fts_close (fts);
            free (modulesdir[0]);
            if (fd < 0)
            free (*file_name);
            else if (*file_name == NULL)
            {
              close (fd);
              fd = -1;
            }
            return fd;
          }
        break;

      case FTS_ERR:
      case FTS_DNR:
      case FTS_NS:
        error = f->fts_errno;
        break;

      default:
        break;
      }
    }

  fts_close (fts);
  free (modulesdir[0]);
  errno = error;
  return -1;
}
INTDEF (dwfl_linux_kernel_find_elf)


/* Dwfl_Callbacks.section_address for kernel modules in the running Linux.
   We read the information from /sys/module directly.  */

int
dwfl_linux_kernel_module_section_address
(Dwfl_Module *mod __attribute__ ((unused)),
 void **userdata __attribute__ ((unused)),
 const char *modname, Dwarf_Addr base __attribute__ ((unused)),
 const char *secname, Elf32_Word shndx __attribute__ ((unused)),
 const GElf_Shdr *shdr __attribute__ ((unused)),
 Dwarf_Addr *addr)
{
  char *sysfile = NULL;
  asprintf (&sysfile, SECADDRDIRFMT "%s", modname, secname);
  if (sysfile == NULL)
    return ENOMEM;

  FILE *f = fopen (sysfile, "r");
  free (sysfile);

  if (f == NULL)
    {
      if (errno == ENOENT)
      {
        /* The .modinfo and .data.percpu sections are never kept
           loaded in the kernel.  If the kernel was compiled without
           CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD, the .exit.* sections are not
           actually loaded at all.

           Just relocate these bogusly to zero.  This part of the
           debug information will not be of any use.  */

        if (!strcmp (secname, ".modinfo")
            || !strcmp (secname, ".data.percpu")
            || !strncmp (secname, ".exit", 5))
          {
            *addr = 0;
            return DWARF_CB_OK;
          }

        /* The goofy PPC64 module_frob_arch_sections function tweaks
           the section names as a way to control other kernel code's
           behavior, and this cruft leaks out into the /sys information.
           The file name for ".init*" may actually look like "_init*".  */

        const bool is_init = !strncmp (secname, ".init", 5);
        if (is_init)
          {
            sysfile = NULL;
            asprintf (&sysfile, SECADDRDIRFMT "_%s", modname, &secname[1]);
            if (sysfile == NULL)
            return ENOMEM;
            f = fopen (sysfile, "r");
            free (sysfile);
            if (f != NULL)
            goto ok;
          }

        /* The kernel truncates section names to MODULE_SECT_NAME_LEN - 1.
           In case that size increases in the future, look for longer
           truncated names first.  */
        size_t namelen = strlen (secname);
        if (namelen >= MODULE_SECT_NAME_LEN)
          {
            sysfile = NULL;
            int len = asprintf (&sysfile, SECADDRDIRFMT "%s",
                          modname, secname);
            if (sysfile == NULL)
            return ENOMEM;
            char *end = sysfile + len;
            do
            {
              *--end = '\0';
              f = fopen (sysfile, "r");
              if (is_init && f == NULL && errno == ENOENT)
                {
                  sysfile[len - namelen] = '_';
                  f = fopen (sysfile, "r");
                  sysfile[len - namelen] = '.';
                }
            }
            while (f == NULL && errno == ENOENT
                 && end - &sysfile[len - namelen] >= MODULE_SECT_NAME_LEN);
            free (sysfile);

            if (f != NULL)
            goto ok;
          }
      }

      return DWARF_CB_ABORT;
    }

 ok:
  (void) __fsetlocking (f, FSETLOCKING_BYCALLER);

  int result = (fscanf (f, "%" PRIx64 "\n", addr) == 1 ? 0
            : ferror_unlocked (f) ? errno : ENOEXEC);
  fclose (f);

  if (result == 0)
    return DWARF_CB_OK;

  errno = result;
  return DWARF_CB_ABORT;
}
INTDEF (dwfl_linux_kernel_module_section_address)

int
dwfl_linux_kernel_report_modules (Dwfl *dwfl)
{
  FILE *f = fopen (MODULELIST, "r");
  if (f == NULL)
    return errno;

  (void) __fsetlocking (f, FSETLOCKING_BYCALLER);

  int result = 0;
  Dwarf_Addr modaddr;
  unsigned long int modsz;
  char modname[128];
  while (fscanf (f, "%128s %lu %*s %*s %*s %" PRIx64 "\n",
             modname, &modsz, &modaddr) == 3)
    if (INTUSE(dwfl_report_module) (dwfl, modname,
                            modaddr, modaddr + modsz) == NULL)
      {
      result = -1;
      break;
      }

  if (result == 0)
    result = ferror_unlocked (f) ? errno : feof_unlocked (f) ? 0 : ENOEXEC;

  fclose (f);

  return result;
}
INTDEF (dwfl_linux_kernel_report_modules)

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