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elf_begin.c

/* Create descriptor for processing file.
   Copyright (C) 1998-2005, 2006 Red Hat, Inc.
   This file is part of Red Hat elfutils.
   Written by Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com>, 1998.

   Red Hat elfutils is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
   Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

   Red Hat elfutils is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
   with Red Hat elfutils; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
   Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA 02110-1301 USA.

   In addition, as a special exception, Red Hat, Inc. gives You the
   additional right to link the code of Red Hat elfutils with code licensed
   under any Open Source Initiative certified open source license
   (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/index.php) which requires the
   distribution of source code with any binary distribution and to
   distribute linked combinations of the two.  Non-GPL Code permitted under
   this exception must only link to the code of Red Hat elfutils through
   those well defined interfaces identified in the file named EXCEPTION
   found in the source code files (the "Approved Interfaces").  The files
   of Non-GPL Code may instantiate templates or use macros or inline
   functions from the Approved Interfaces without causing the resulting
   work to be covered by the GNU General Public License.  Only Red Hat,
   Inc. may make changes or additions to the list of Approved Interfaces.
   Red Hat's grant of this exception is conditioned upon your not adding
   any new exceptions.  If you wish to add a new Approved Interface or
   exception, please contact Red Hat.  You must obey the GNU General Public
   License in all respects for all of the Red Hat elfutils code and other
   code used in conjunction with Red Hat elfutils except the Non-GPL Code
   covered by this exception.  If you modify this file, you may extend this
   exception to your version of the file, but you are not obligated to do
   so.  If you do not wish to provide this exception without modification,
   you must delete this exception statement from your version and license
   this file solely under the GPL without exception.

   Red Hat elfutils is an included package of the Open Invention Network.
   An included package of the Open Invention Network is a package for which
   Open Invention Network licensees cross-license their patents.  No patent
   license is granted, either expressly or impliedly, by designation as an
   included package.  Should you wish to participate in the Open Invention
   Network licensing program, please visit www.openinventionnetwork.com
   <http://www.openinventionnetwork.com>.  */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include <config.h>
#endif

#include <assert.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

#include <system.h>
#include "libelfP.h"
#include "common.h"


/* Create descriptor for archive in memory.  */
static inline Elf *
file_read_ar (int fildes, void *map_address, off_t offset, size_t maxsize,
            Elf_Cmd cmd, Elf *parent)
{
  Elf *elf;

  /* Create a descriptor.  */
  elf = allocate_elf (fildes, map_address, offset, maxsize, cmd, parent,
                      ELF_K_AR, 0);
  if (elf != NULL)
    {
      /* We don't read all the symbol tables in advance.  All this will
       happen on demand.  */
      elf->state.ar.offset = offset + SARMAG;

      elf->state.ar.elf_ar_hdr.ar_rawname = elf->state.ar.raw_name;
    }

  return elf;
}


static size_t
get_shnum (void *map_address, unsigned char *e_ident, int fildes, off_t offset,
         size_t maxsize)
{
  size_t result;
  union
  {
    Elf32_Ehdr *e32;
    Elf64_Ehdr *e64;
    void *p;
  } ehdr;
  union
  {
    Elf32_Ehdr e32;
    Elf64_Ehdr e64;
  } ehdr_mem;
  bool is32 = e_ident[EI_CLASS] == ELFCLASS32;

  /* Make the ELF header available.  */
  if (e_ident[EI_DATA] == MY_ELFDATA)
    ehdr.p = e_ident;
  else
    {
      /* We already read the ELF header.  We have to copy the header
       since we possibly modify the data here and the caller
       expects the memory it passes in to be preserved.  */
      ehdr.p = &ehdr_mem;

      if (is32)
      {
        if (ALLOW_UNALIGNED)
          {
            ehdr_mem.e32.e_shnum = ((Elf32_Ehdr *) e_ident)->e_shnum;
            ehdr_mem.e32.e_shoff = ((Elf32_Ehdr *) e_ident)->e_shoff;
          }
        else
          memcpy (&ehdr_mem, e_ident, sizeof (Elf32_Ehdr));

        CONVERT (ehdr_mem.e32.e_shnum);
        CONVERT (ehdr_mem.e32.e_shoff);
      }
      else
      {
        if (ALLOW_UNALIGNED)
          {
            ehdr_mem.e64.e_shnum = ((Elf64_Ehdr *) e_ident)->e_shnum;
            ehdr_mem.e64.e_shoff = ((Elf64_Ehdr *) e_ident)->e_shoff;
          }
        else
          memcpy (&ehdr_mem, e_ident, sizeof (Elf64_Ehdr));

        CONVERT (ehdr_mem.e64.e_shnum);
        CONVERT (ehdr_mem.e64.e_shoff);
      }
    }

  if (is32)
    {
      /* Get the number of sections from the ELF header.  */
      result = ehdr.e32->e_shnum;

      if (unlikely (result == 0) && ehdr.e32->e_shoff != 0)
      {
        if (offset + ehdr.e32->e_shoff + sizeof (Elf32_Shdr) > maxsize)
          /* Cannot read the first section header.  */
          return (size_t) -1l;

        if (likely (map_address != NULL) && e_ident[EI_DATA] == MY_ELFDATA
            && (ALLOW_UNALIGNED
              || (((size_t) ((char *) map_address + offset))
                  & (__alignof__ (Elf32_Ehdr) - 1)) == 0))
          /* We can directly access the memory.  */
          result = ((Elf32_Shdr *) ((char *) map_address + ehdr.e32->e_shoff
                              + offset))->sh_size;
        else
          {
            Elf32_Word size;

            if (likely (map_address != NULL))
            /* gcc will optimize the memcpy to a simple memory
               access while taking care of alignment issues.  */
            memcpy (&size, &((Elf32_Shdr *) ((char *) map_address
                                     + ehdr.e32->e_shoff
                                     + offset))->sh_size,
                  sizeof (Elf32_Word));
            else
            if (unlikely (pread_retry (fildes, &size, sizeof (Elf32_Word),
                                 offset + ehdr.e32->e_shoff
                                 + offsetof (Elf32_Shdr, sh_size))
                        != sizeof (Elf32_Word)))
              return (size_t) -1l;

            if (e_ident[EI_DATA] != MY_ELFDATA)
            CONVERT (size);

            result = size;
          }
      }
    }
  else
    {
      /* Get the number of sections from the ELF header.  */
      result = ehdr.e64->e_shnum;

      if (unlikely (result == 0) && ehdr.e64->e_shoff != 0)
      {
        if (offset + ehdr.e64->e_shoff + sizeof (Elf64_Shdr) > maxsize)
          /* Cannot read the first section header.  */
          return (size_t) -1l;

        Elf64_Xword size;
        if (likely (map_address != NULL) && e_ident[EI_DATA] == MY_ELFDATA
            && (ALLOW_UNALIGNED
              || (((size_t) ((char *) map_address + offset))
                  & (__alignof__ (Elf64_Ehdr) - 1)) == 0))
          /* We can directly access the memory.  */
          size = ((Elf64_Shdr *) ((char *) map_address + ehdr.e64->e_shoff
                            + offset))->sh_size;
        else
          {
            if (likely (map_address != NULL))
            /* gcc will optimize the memcpy to a simple memory
               access while taking care of alignment issues.  */
            memcpy (&size, &((Elf64_Shdr *) ((char *) map_address
                                     + ehdr.e64->e_shoff
                                     + offset))->sh_size,
                  sizeof (Elf64_Xword));
            else
            if (unlikely (pread_retry (fildes, &size, sizeof (Elf64_Word),
                                 offset + ehdr.e64->e_shoff
                                 + offsetof (Elf64_Shdr, sh_size))
                        != sizeof (Elf64_Xword)))
              return (size_t) -1l;

            if (e_ident[EI_DATA] != MY_ELFDATA)
            CONVERT (size);
          }

        if (size > ~((GElf_Word) 0))
          /* Invalid value, it is too large.  */
          return (size_t) -1l;

        result = size;
      }
    }

  return result;
}


/* Create descriptor for ELF file in memory.  */
static Elf *
file_read_elf (int fildes, void *map_address, unsigned char *e_ident,
             off_t offset, size_t maxsize, Elf_Cmd cmd, Elf *parent)
{
  /* Verify the binary is of the class we can handle.  */
  if (unlikely ((e_ident[EI_CLASS] != ELFCLASS32
             && e_ident[EI_CLASS] != ELFCLASS64)
            /* We also can only handle two encodings.  */
            || (e_ident[EI_DATA] != ELFDATA2LSB
                && e_ident[EI_DATA] != ELFDATA2MSB)))
    {
      /* Cannot handle this.  */
      __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_FILE);
      return NULL;
    }

  /* Determine the number of sections.  */
  size_t scncnt = get_shnum (map_address, e_ident, fildes, offset, maxsize);
  if (scncnt == (size_t) -1l)
    /* Could not determine the number of sections.  */
    return NULL;

  /* We can now allocate the memory.  */
  Elf *elf = allocate_elf (fildes, map_address, offset, maxsize, cmd, parent,
                     ELF_K_ELF, scncnt * sizeof (Elf_Scn));
  if (elf == NULL)
    /* Not enough memory.  */
    return NULL;

  /* Some more or less arbitrary value.  */
  elf->state.elf.scnincr = 10;

  /* Make the class easily available.  */
  elf->class = e_ident[EI_CLASS];

  if (e_ident[EI_CLASS] == ELFCLASS32)
    {
      /* This pointer might not be directly usable if the alignment is
       not sufficient for the architecture.  */
      Elf32_Ehdr *ehdr = (Elf32_Ehdr *) ((char *) map_address + offset);

      assert ((unsigned int) scncnt == scncnt);
      elf->state.elf32.scns.cnt = elf->state.elf32.scns.max = scncnt;

      /* This is a 32-bit binary.  */
      if (map_address != NULL && e_ident[EI_DATA] == MY_ELFDATA
        && (ALLOW_UNALIGNED
            || ((((uintptr_t) ehdr) & (__alignof__ (Elf32_Ehdr) - 1)) == 0
              && ((uintptr_t) ((char *) ehdr + ehdr->e_shoff)
                  & (__alignof__ (Elf32_Shdr) - 1)) == 0
              && ((uintptr_t) ((char *) ehdr + ehdr->e_phoff)
                  & (__alignof__ (Elf32_Phdr) - 1)) == 0)))
      {
        /* We can use the mmapped memory.  */
        elf->state.elf32.ehdr = ehdr;
        elf->state.elf32.shdr
          = (Elf32_Shdr *) ((char *) ehdr + ehdr->e_shoff);
        if (ehdr->e_phnum > 0)
          /* Assign a value only if there really is a program
             header.  Otherwise the value remains NULL.  */
          elf->state.elf32.phdr
            = (Elf32_Phdr *) ((char *) ehdr + ehdr->e_phoff);

        for (size_t cnt = 0; cnt < scncnt; ++cnt)
          {
            elf->state.elf32.scns.data[cnt].index = cnt;
            elf->state.elf32.scns.data[cnt].elf = elf;
            elf->state.elf32.scns.data[cnt].shdr.e32 =
            &elf->state.elf32.shdr[cnt];
            elf->state.elf32.scns.data[cnt].rawdata_base =
            elf->state.elf32.scns.data[cnt].data_base =
            ((char *) map_address + offset
             + elf->state.elf32.shdr[cnt].sh_offset);
            elf->state.elf32.scns.data[cnt].list = &elf->state.elf32.scns;
          }
      }
      else
      {
        /* Copy the ELF header.  */
        elf->state.elf32.ehdr = memcpy (&elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem, e_ident,
                                sizeof (Elf32_Ehdr));

        if (e_ident[EI_DATA] != MY_ELFDATA)
          {
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_type);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_machine);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_version);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_entry);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_phoff);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_shoff);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_flags);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_ehsize);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_phentsize);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_phnum);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_shentsize);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_shnum);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf32.ehdr_mem.e_shstrndx);
          }

        for (size_t cnt = 0; cnt < scncnt; ++cnt)
          {
            elf->state.elf32.scns.data[cnt].index = cnt;
            elf->state.elf32.scns.data[cnt].elf = elf;
            elf->state.elf32.scns.data[cnt].list = &elf->state.elf32.scns;
          }
      }

      /* So far only one block with sections.  */
      elf->state.elf32.scns_last = &elf->state.elf32.scns;
    }
  else
    {
      /* This pointer might not be directly usable if the alignment is
       not sufficient for the architecture.  */
      Elf64_Ehdr *ehdr = (Elf64_Ehdr *) ((char *) map_address + offset);

      assert ((unsigned int) scncnt == scncnt);
      elf->state.elf64.scns.cnt = elf->state.elf64.scns.max = scncnt;

      /* This is a 64-bit binary.  */
      if (map_address != NULL && e_ident[EI_DATA] == MY_ELFDATA
        && (ALLOW_UNALIGNED
            || ((((uintptr_t) ehdr) & (__alignof__ (Elf64_Ehdr) - 1)) == 0
              && ((uintptr_t) ((char *) ehdr + ehdr->e_shoff)
                  & (__alignof__ (Elf64_Shdr) - 1)) == 0
              && ((uintptr_t) ((char *) ehdr + ehdr->e_phoff)
                  & (__alignof__ (Elf64_Phdr) - 1)) == 0)))
      {
        /* We can use the mmapped memory.  */
        elf->state.elf64.ehdr = ehdr;
        elf->state.elf64.shdr
          = (Elf64_Shdr *) ((char *) ehdr + ehdr->e_shoff);
        if (ehdr->e_phnum > 0)
          /* Assign a value only if there really is a program
             header.  Otherwise the value remains NULL.  */
          elf->state.elf64.phdr
            = (Elf64_Phdr *) ((char *) ehdr + ehdr->e_phoff);

        for (size_t cnt = 0; cnt < scncnt; ++cnt)
          {
            elf->state.elf64.scns.data[cnt].index = cnt;
            elf->state.elf64.scns.data[cnt].elf = elf;
            elf->state.elf64.scns.data[cnt].shdr.e64 =
            &elf->state.elf64.shdr[cnt];
            elf->state.elf64.scns.data[cnt].rawdata_base =
            elf->state.elf64.scns.data[cnt].data_base =
            ((char *) map_address + offset
             + elf->state.elf64.shdr[cnt].sh_offset);
            elf->state.elf64.scns.data[cnt].list = &elf->state.elf64.scns;
          }
      }
      else
      {
        /* Copy the ELF header.  */
        elf->state.elf64.ehdr = memcpy (&elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem, e_ident,
                                sizeof (Elf64_Ehdr));

        if (e_ident[EI_DATA] != MY_ELFDATA)
          {
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_type);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_machine);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_version);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_entry);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_phoff);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_shoff);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_flags);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_ehsize);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_phentsize);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_phnum);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_shentsize);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_shnum);
            CONVERT (elf->state.elf64.ehdr_mem.e_shstrndx);
          }

        for (size_t cnt = 0; cnt < scncnt; ++cnt)
          {
            elf->state.elf64.scns.data[cnt].index = cnt;
            elf->state.elf64.scns.data[cnt].elf = elf;
            elf->state.elf64.scns.data[cnt].list = &elf->state.elf64.scns;
          }
      }

      /* So far only one block with sections.  */
      elf->state.elf64.scns_last = &elf->state.elf64.scns;
    }

  return elf;
}


Elf *
internal_function
__libelf_read_mmaped_file (int fildes, void *map_address,  off_t offset,
                     size_t maxsize, Elf_Cmd cmd, Elf *parent)
{
  /* We have to find out what kind of file this is.  We handle ELF
     files and archives.  To find out what we have we must look at the
     header.  The header for an ELF file is EI_NIDENT bytes in size,
     the header for an archive file SARMAG bytes long.  */
  unsigned char *e_ident = (unsigned char *) map_address + offset;

  /* See what kind of object we have here.  */
  Elf_Kind kind = determine_kind (e_ident, maxsize);

  switch (kind)
    {
    case ELF_K_ELF:
      return file_read_elf (fildes, map_address, e_ident, offset, maxsize,
                      cmd, parent);

    case ELF_K_AR:
      return file_read_ar (fildes, map_address, offset, maxsize, cmd, parent);

    default:
      break;
    }

  /* This case is easy.  Since we cannot do anything with this file
     create a dummy descriptor.  */
  return allocate_elf (fildes, map_address, offset, maxsize, cmd, parent,
                   ELF_K_NONE, 0);
}


static Elf *
read_unmmaped_file (int fildes, off_t offset, size_t maxsize, Elf_Cmd cmd,
                Elf *parent)
{
  /* We have to find out what kind of file this is.  We handle ELF
     files and archives.  To find out what we have we must read the
     header.  The identification header for an ELF file is EI_NIDENT
     bytes in size, but we read the whole ELF header since we will
     need it anyway later.  For archives the header in SARMAG bytes
     long.  Read the maximum of these numbers.

     XXX We have to change this for the extended `ar' format some day.

     Use a union to ensure alignment.  We might later access the
     memory as a ElfXX_Ehdr.  */
  union
  {
    Elf64_Ehdr ehdr;
    unsigned char header[MAX (sizeof (Elf64_Ehdr), SARMAG)];
  } mem;

  /* Read the head of the file.  */
  ssize_t nread = pread_retry (fildes, mem.header,
                         MIN (MAX (sizeof (Elf64_Ehdr), SARMAG),
                            maxsize),
                         offset);
  if (unlikely (nread == -1))
    /* We cannot even read the head of the file.  Maybe FILDES is associated
       with an unseekable device.  This is nothing we can handle.  */
    return NULL;

  /* See what kind of object we have here.  */
  Elf_Kind kind = determine_kind (mem.header, nread);

  switch (kind)
    {
    case ELF_K_AR:
      return file_read_ar (fildes, NULL, offset, maxsize, cmd, parent);

    case ELF_K_ELF:
      /* Make sure at least the ELF header is contained in the file.  */
      if ((size_t) nread >= (mem.header[EI_CLASS] == ELFCLASS32
                       ? sizeof (Elf32_Ehdr) : sizeof (Elf64_Ehdr)))
      return file_read_elf (fildes, NULL, mem.header, offset, maxsize, cmd,
                        parent);
      /* FALLTHROUGH */

    default:
      break;
    }

  /* This case is easy.  Since we cannot do anything with this file
     create a dummy descriptor.  */
  return allocate_elf (fildes, NULL, offset, maxsize, cmd, parent,
                   ELF_K_NONE, 0);
}


/* Open a file for reading.  If possible we will try to mmap() the file.  */
static struct Elf *
read_file (int fildes, off_t offset, size_t maxsize,
         Elf_Cmd cmd, Elf *parent)
{
  void *map_address = NULL;
  int use_mmap = (cmd == ELF_C_READ_MMAP || cmd == ELF_C_RDWR_MMAP
              || cmd == ELF_C_WRITE_MMAP
              || cmd == ELF_C_READ_MMAP_PRIVATE);

#if _MUDFLAP
  /* Mudflap doesn't grok that our mmap'd data is ok.  */
  use_mmap = 0;
#endif

  if (use_mmap)
    {
      if (parent == NULL)
      {
        if (maxsize == ~((size_t) 0))
          {
            /* We don't know in the moment how large the file is.
             Determine it now.  */
            struct stat st;

            if (fstat (fildes, &st) == 0
              && (sizeof (size_t) >= sizeof (st.st_size)
                  || st.st_size <= ~((size_t) 0)))
            maxsize = (size_t) st.st_size;
          }

        /* We try to map the file ourself.  */
        map_address = mmap (NULL, maxsize, (cmd == ELF_C_READ_MMAP
                                    ? PROT_READ
                                    : PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE),
                        cmd == ELF_C_READ_MMAP_PRIVATE
                        ? MAP_PRIVATE : MAP_SHARED,
                        fildes, offset);

        if (map_address == MAP_FAILED)
          map_address = NULL;
      }
      else
      {
        /* The parent is already loaded.  Use it.  */
        assert (maxsize != ~((size_t) 0));

        map_address = parent->map_address;
      }
    }

  /* If we have the file in memory optimize the access.  */
  if (map_address != NULL)
    {
      assert (map_address != MAP_FAILED);

      struct Elf *result = __libelf_read_mmaped_file (fildes, map_address,
                                          offset, maxsize, cmd,
                                          parent);

      /* If something went wrong during the initialization unmap the
       memory if we mmaped here.  */
      if (result == NULL
        && (parent == NULL
            || parent->map_address != map_address))
      munmap (map_address, maxsize);
      else if (parent == NULL)
      /* Remember that we mmap()ed the memory.  */
      result->flags |= ELF_F_MMAPPED;

      return result;
    }

  /* Otherwise we have to do it the hard way.  We read as much as necessary
     from the file whenever we need information which is not available.  */
  return read_unmmaped_file (fildes, offset, maxsize, cmd, parent);
}


/* Find the entry with the long names for the content of this archive.  */
static const char *
read_long_names (Elf *elf)
{
  off_t offset = SARMAG;      /* This is the first entry.  */
  struct ar_hdr hdrm;
  struct ar_hdr *hdr;
  char *newp;
  size_t len;

  while (1)
    {
      if (elf->map_address != NULL)
      {
        if (offset + sizeof (struct ar_hdr) > elf->maximum_size)
          return NULL;

        /* The data is mapped.  */
        hdr = (struct ar_hdr *) (elf->map_address + offset);
      }
      else
      {
        /* Read the header from the file.  */
        if (unlikely (pread_retry (elf->fildes, &hdrm, sizeof (hdrm),
                             elf->start_offset + offset)
                  != sizeof (hdrm)))
          return NULL;

        hdr = &hdrm;
      }

      len = atol (hdr->ar_size);

      if (memcmp (hdr->ar_name, "//              ", 16) == 0)
      break;

      offset += sizeof (struct ar_hdr) + ((len + 1) & ~1l);
    }

  /* Due to the stupid format of the long name table entry (which are not
     NUL terminted) we have to provide an appropriate representation anyhow.
     Therefore we always make a copy which has the appropriate form.  */
  newp = (char *) malloc (len);
  if (newp != NULL)
    {
      char *runp;

      if (elf->map_address != NULL)
      /* Simply copy it over.  */
      elf->state.ar.long_names = (char *) memcpy (newp,
                                        elf->map_address + offset
                                        + sizeof (struct ar_hdr),
                                        len);
      else
      {
        if (unlikely ((size_t) pread_retry (elf->fildes, newp, len,
                                    elf->start_offset + offset
                                    + sizeof (struct ar_hdr))
                  != len))
          {
            /* We were not able to read all data.  */
            free (newp);
            elf->state.ar.long_names = NULL;
            return NULL;
          }
        elf->state.ar.long_names = newp;
      }

      elf->state.ar.long_names_len = len;

      /* Now NUL-terminate the strings.  */
      runp = newp;
      while (1)
        {
        runp = (char *) memchr (runp, '/', newp + len - runp);
        if (runp == NULL)
          /* This was the last entry.  */
          break;

        /* NUL-terminate the string.  */
        *runp = '\0';

        /* Skip the NUL bzte and the \012.  */
        runp += 2;

        /* A sanity check.  Somebody might have generated invalid
           archive.  */
        if (runp >= newp + len)
          break;
      }
    }

  return newp;
}


/* Read the next archive header.  */
int
internal_function
__libelf_next_arhdr (elf)
     Elf *elf;
{
  struct ar_hdr *ar_hdr;
  Elf_Arhdr *elf_ar_hdr;

  if (elf->map_address != NULL)
    {
      /* See whether this entry is in the file.  */
      if (unlikely (elf->state.ar.offset + sizeof (struct ar_hdr)
                > elf->start_offset + elf->maximum_size))
      {
        /* This record is not anymore in the file.  */
        __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_RANGE);
        return -1;
      }
      ar_hdr = (struct ar_hdr *) (elf->map_address + elf->state.ar.offset);
    }
  else
    {
      ar_hdr = &elf->state.ar.ar_hdr;

      if (unlikely (pread_retry (elf->fildes, ar_hdr, sizeof (struct ar_hdr),
                         elf->state.ar.offset)
                != sizeof (struct ar_hdr)))
      {
        /* Something went wrong while reading the file.  */
        __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_RANGE);
        return -1;
      }
    }

  /* One little consistency check.  */
  if (unlikely (memcmp (ar_hdr->ar_fmag, ARFMAG, 2) != 0))
    {
      /* This is no valid archive.  */
      __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_ARCHIVE_FMAG);
      return -1;
    }

  /* Copy the raw name over to a NUL terminated buffer.  */
  *((char *) __mempcpy (elf->state.ar.raw_name, ar_hdr->ar_name, 16)) = '\0';

  elf_ar_hdr = &elf->state.ar.elf_ar_hdr;

  /* Now convert the `struct ar_hdr' into `Elf_Arhdr'.
     Determine whether this is a special entry.  */
  if (ar_hdr->ar_name[0] == '/')
    {
      if (ar_hdr->ar_name[1] == ' '
        && memcmp (ar_hdr->ar_name, "/               ", 16) == 0)
      /* This is the index.  */
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_name = memcpy (elf->state.ar.ar_name, "/", 2);
      else if (ar_hdr->ar_name[1] == '/'
             && memcmp (ar_hdr->ar_name, "//              ", 16) == 0)
      /* This is the array with the long names.  */
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_name = memcpy (elf->state.ar.ar_name, "//", 3);
      else if (likely  (isdigit (ar_hdr->ar_name[1])))
      {
        size_t offset;

        /* This is a long name.  First we have to read the long name
           table, if this hasn't happened already.  */
        if (unlikely (elf->state.ar.long_names == NULL
                  && read_long_names (elf) == NULL))
          {
            /* No long name table although it is reference.  The archive is
             broken.  */
            __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_ARCHIVE);
            return -1;
          }

        offset = atol (ar_hdr->ar_name + 1);
        if (unlikely (offset >= elf->state.ar.long_names_len))
          {
            /* The index in the long name table is larger than the table.  */
            __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_ARCHIVE);
            return -1;
          }
        elf_ar_hdr->ar_name = elf->state.ar.long_names + offset;
      }
      else
      {
        /* This is none of the known special entries.  */
        __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_ARCHIVE);
        return -1;
      }
    }
  else
    {
      char *endp;

      /* It is a normal entry.  Copy over the name.  */
      endp = (char *) memccpy (elf->state.ar.ar_name, ar_hdr->ar_name,
                         '/', 16);
      if (endp != NULL)
      endp[-1] = '\0';
      else
      elf->state.ar.raw_name[16] = '\0';

      elf_ar_hdr->ar_name = elf->state.ar.ar_name;
    }

  /* Since there are no specialized functions to convert ASCII to
     time_t, uid_t, gid_t, mode_t, and off_t we use either atol or
     atoll depending on the size of the types.  We are also prepared
     for the case where the whole field in the `struct ar_hdr' is
     filled in which case we cannot simply use atol/l but instead have
     to create a temporary copy.  */
  if (ar_hdr->ar_date[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_date) - 1] == ' ')
    {
      if (ar_hdr->ar_date[0] == ' ')
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_date = 0;
      else
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_date = (sizeof (time_t) <= sizeof (long int)
                         ? (time_t) atol (ar_hdr->ar_date)
                         : (time_t) atoll (ar_hdr->ar_date));
    }
  else
    {
      char buf[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_date) + 1];
      *((char *) __mempcpy (buf, ar_hdr->ar_date, sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_date)))
      = '\0';
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_date = (sizeof (time_t) <= sizeof (long int)
                       ? (time_t) atol (ar_hdr->ar_date)
                       : (time_t) atoll (ar_hdr->ar_date));
    }

  if (ar_hdr->ar_uid[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_uid) - 1] == ' ')
    {
      if (ar_hdr->ar_uid[0] == ' ')
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_uid = 0;
      else
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_uid = (sizeof (uid_t) <= sizeof (long int)
                        ? (uid_t) atol (ar_hdr->ar_uid)
                        : (uid_t) atoll (ar_hdr->ar_uid));
    }
  else
    {
      char buf[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_uid) + 1];
      *((char *) __mempcpy (buf, ar_hdr->ar_uid, sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_uid)))
      = '\0';
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_uid = (sizeof (uid_t) <= sizeof (long int)
                       ? (uid_t) atol (ar_hdr->ar_uid)
                       : (uid_t) atoll (ar_hdr->ar_uid));
    }

  if (ar_hdr->ar_gid[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_gid) - 1] == ' ')
    {
      if (ar_hdr->ar_gid[0] == ' ')
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_gid = 0;
      else
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_gid = (sizeof (gid_t) <= sizeof (long int)
                        ? (gid_t) atol (ar_hdr->ar_gid)
                        : (gid_t) atoll (ar_hdr->ar_gid));
    }
  else
    {
      char buf[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_gid) + 1];
      *((char *) __mempcpy (buf, ar_hdr->ar_gid, sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_gid)))
      = '\0';
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_gid = (sizeof (gid_t) <= sizeof (long int)
                       ? (gid_t) atol (ar_hdr->ar_gid)
                       : (gid_t) atoll (ar_hdr->ar_gid));
    }

  if (ar_hdr->ar_mode[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_mode) - 1] == ' ')
    {
      if (ar_hdr->ar_mode[0] == ' ')
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_mode = 0;
      else
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_mode = (sizeof (mode_t) <= sizeof (long int)
                         ? (mode_t) strtol (ar_hdr->ar_mode, NULL, 8)
                         : (mode_t) strtoll (ar_hdr->ar_mode, NULL, 8));
    }
  else
    {
      char buf[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_mode) + 1];
      *((char *) __mempcpy (buf, ar_hdr->ar_mode, sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_mode)))
      = '\0';
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_mode = (sizeof (mode_t) <= sizeof (long int)
                       ? (mode_t) strtol (ar_hdr->ar_mode, NULL, 8)
                       : (mode_t) strtoll (ar_hdr->ar_mode, NULL, 8));
    }

  if (ar_hdr->ar_size[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_size) - 1] == ' ')
    {
      if (unlikely (ar_hdr->ar_size[0] == ' '))
      /* Something is really wrong.  We cannot live without a size for
         the member since it will not be possible to find the next
         archive member.  */
      {
        __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_ARCHIVE);
        return -1;
      }
      else
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_size = (sizeof (time_t) == sizeof (long int)
                         ? (off_t) atol (ar_hdr->ar_size)
                         : (off_t) atoll (ar_hdr->ar_size));
    }
  else
    {
      char buf[sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_size) + 1];
      *((char *) __mempcpy (buf, ar_hdr->ar_size, sizeof (ar_hdr->ar_size)))
      = '\0';
      elf_ar_hdr->ar_size = (sizeof (time_t) == sizeof (long int)
                       ? (off_t) atol (ar_hdr->ar_size)
                       : (off_t) atoll (ar_hdr->ar_size));
    }

  return 0;
}


/* We were asked to return a clone of an existing descriptor.  This
   function must be called with the lock on the parent descriptor
   being held. */
static Elf *
dup_elf (int fildes, Elf_Cmd cmd, Elf *ref)
{
  struct Elf *result;

  if (fildes == -1)
    /* Allow the user to pass -1 as the file descriptor for the new file.  */
    fildes = ref->fildes;
  /* The file descriptor better should be the same.  If it was disconnected
     already (using `elf_cntl') we do not test it.  */
  else if (unlikely (ref->fildes != -1 && fildes != ref->fildes))
    {
      __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_FD_MISMATCH);
      return NULL;
    }

  /* The mode must allow reading.  I.e., a descriptor creating with a
     command different then ELF_C_READ, ELF_C_WRITE and ELF_C_RDWR is
     not allowed.  */
  if (unlikely (ref->cmd != ELF_C_READ && ref->cmd != ELF_C_READ_MMAP
            && ref->cmd != ELF_C_WRITE && ref->cmd != ELF_C_WRITE_MMAP
            && ref->cmd != ELF_C_RDWR && ref->cmd != ELF_C_RDWR_MMAP
            && ref->cmd != ELF_C_READ_MMAP_PRIVATE))
    {
      __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_OP);
      return NULL;
    }

  /* Now it is time to distinguish between reading normal files and
     archives.  Normal files can easily be handled be incrementing the
     reference counter and return the same descriptor.  */
  if (ref->kind != ELF_K_AR)
    {
      ++ref->ref_count;
      return ref;
    }

  /* This is an archive.  We must create a descriptor for the archive
     member the internal pointer of the archive file desriptor is
     pointing to.  First read the header of the next member if this
     has not happened already.  */
  if (ref->state.ar.elf_ar_hdr.ar_name == NULL
      && __libelf_next_arhdr (ref) != 0)
    /* Something went wrong.  Maybe there is no member left.  */
    return NULL;

  /* We have all the information we need about the next archive member.
     Now create a descriptor for it.  */
  result = read_file (fildes, ref->state.ar.offset + sizeof (struct ar_hdr),
                  ref->state.ar.elf_ar_hdr.ar_size, cmd, ref);

  /* Enlist this new descriptor in the list of children.  */
  if (result != NULL)
    {
      result->next = ref->state.ar.children;
      ref->state.ar.children = result;
    }

  return result;
}


/* Return desriptor for empty file ready for writing.  */
static struct Elf *
write_file (int fd, Elf_Cmd cmd)
{
  /* We simply create an empty `Elf' structure.  */
#define NSCNSALLOC      10
  Elf *result = allocate_elf (fd, NULL, 0, 0, cmd, NULL, ELF_K_ELF,
                        NSCNSALLOC * sizeof (Elf_Scn));

  if (result != NULL)
    {
      /* We have to write to the file in any case.  */
      result->flags = ELF_F_DIRTY;

      /* Some more or less arbitrary value.  */
      result->state.elf.scnincr = NSCNSALLOC;

      /* We have allocated room for some sections.  */
      assert (offsetof (struct Elf, state.elf32.scns)
            == offsetof (struct Elf, state.elf64.scns));
      result->state.elf.scns_last = &result->state.elf32.scns;
      result->state.elf32.scns.max = NSCNSALLOC;
    }

  return result;
}


/* Return a descriptor for the file belonging to FILDES.  */
Elf *
elf_begin (fildes, cmd, ref)
     int fildes;
     Elf_Cmd cmd;
     Elf *ref;
{
  Elf *retval;

  if (unlikely (! __libelf_version_initialized))
    {
      /* Version wasn't set so far.  */
      __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_NO_VERSION);
      return NULL;
    }

  if (ref != NULL)
    /* Make sure the descriptor is not suddenly going away.  */
    rwlock_rdlock (ref->lock);
  else if (unlikely (fcntl (fildes, F_GETFL) == -1 && errno == EBADF))
    {
      /* We cannot do anything productive without a file descriptor.  */
      __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_FILE);
      return NULL;
    }

  switch (cmd)
    {
    case ELF_C_NULL:
      /* We simply return a NULL pointer.  */
      retval = NULL;
      break;

    case ELF_C_READ_MMAP_PRIVATE:
      /* If we have a reference it must also be opened this way.  */
      if (unlikely (ref != NULL && ref->cmd != ELF_C_READ_MMAP_PRIVATE))
      {
        __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_CMD);
        retval = NULL;
        break;
      }
      /* FALLTHROUGH */

    case ELF_C_READ:
    case ELF_C_READ_MMAP:
      if (ref != NULL)
      /* Duplicate the descriptor.  */
      retval = dup_elf (fildes, cmd, ref);
      else
      /* Create descriptor for existing file.  */
      retval = read_file (fildes, 0, ~((size_t) 0), cmd, NULL);
      break;

    case ELF_C_RDWR:
    case ELF_C_RDWR_MMAP:
      /* If we have a REF object it must also be opened using this
       command.  */
      if (ref != NULL)
      {
        if (unlikely (ref->cmd != ELF_C_RDWR && ref->cmd != ELF_C_RDWR_MMAP
                  && ref->cmd != ELF_C_WRITE
                  && ref->cmd != ELF_C_WRITE_MMAP))
          {
            /* This is not ok.  REF must also be opened for writing.  */
            __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_CMD);
            retval = NULL;
          }
        else
          /* Duplicate this descriptor.  */
          retval = dup_elf (fildes, cmd, ref);
      }
      else
      /* Create descriptor for existing file.  */
      retval = read_file (fildes, 0, ~((size_t) 0), cmd, NULL);
      break;

    case ELF_C_WRITE:
    case ELF_C_WRITE_MMAP:
      /* We ignore REF and prepare a descriptor to write a new file.  */
      retval = write_file (fildes, cmd);
      break;

    default:
      __libelf_seterrno (ELF_E_INVALID_CMD);
      retval = NULL;
      break;
    }

  /* Release the lock.  */
  if (ref != NULL)
    rwlock_unlock (ref->lock);

  return retval;
}
INTDEF(elf_begin)

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